4: 8-12% Very hilly, must have sufficient fitness and have done level 3s - 4,000-6,000ft
5: 12+ % Extremely hilly with steep sections, for those who face hills with a smile - over 6,000ft
A: 14-16 mph, Fast pace, for strong experienced riders, maybe one stop.
B: 11-14 mph, Steady pace, 14-17 mph on mostly flat rides, fewer stops, for experienced riders
C: 8-11 mph, Easy pace, average speed on rides with hills, 12-15 mph on mostly flat rides, frequent stops, good for new riders
Short 10 - 25 miles
Medium 25 - 50 miles
Long 50 - 100+ miles
What to bring (recommended)
Water, snacks, sport drinks
Staying hydrated and fueled is important on any length. Carry a water bottle with you in any weather. Stash an energy bar in your bike bag or jersey A water bottle and snack can go a long way in the last leg of your ride when you need that final push.
Spare inner tube, tire levers, patch kit, mini-pump, and a folding multi-tool. Even if you are not familiar with fixing your own flat or making adjustments, a Good Samaritan will be able to help you along.
Credit Card/Cash/Personal ID/ Health Insurance Card
In case you take a pitstop or need to make a small purchase somewhere, having this on hand will give you the option to refuel or even repair your bike on the road if you happen to be next to a bike shop. Personal ID with emergency personnel/health insurance card (if possible), would be helpful in case of an unfortunate event.
Mobile device (smart phone)
They've come a long way from just making phone calls.
- Have a plan b in case you're stranded and need to phone a friend or family.
- Navigating unfamiliar areas and need to pull up maps
- Emergency calls and contact information are automatically shown and available w/o unlocking
- For taking those memorable pictures to show off to your friends :)
Rules of the Road
Be Predictable - this is crucial for letting others (drivers and riders around you) know your intention prior to doing it.
- Hand - using your arms as indicators are universally understood (turning right, left, slowing, stopping, potholes, glass, etc)
- Voice - used to vocalize if a car is coming from the back ("car back"), both hands are on your handle bars and you are coming to a stop, ("stopping")
Day - consider wearing brightly colored items and investing in a rear tail light (which is always on day and night)
Night - View blog for tips on riding at night
Obey traffic laws - as cars follow the rules of the road, cyclists are also subject to these rules as well which means, always stopping at stop lights and signs.
Be aware of your own surroundings at all times - through practice, your situational awareness will improve as you continue riding outside and practicing above. Do not wear ear/headphones.